IELTS Advantage/Disadvantage Essay Sample 3 - Transport

In this post, we will look at an advantage/disadvantage essay example from the IELTS writing task 2 test. Students often ask if the questions are repeated year after year and the answer is no, but the topics are. There are so many questions written each year, you may find your practice answering various questions on different topics. For example, you could write essays to answer questions about education or the environment, which benefits you because you learn vocabulary associated with those topics and develop ideas that can help you in your writing test.

Practising writing IELTS task 2 essays on a range of topics is a great way to learn new vocabulary for those topics, but also to practice your essay structures. You begin to develop your ideas around those topics, thinking of examples and giving your opinions.

If you would like to learn how to structure an advantage/disadvantage essay please click the button below >

Take a look at the IELTS essay example below >>

Many people believe that problems in traffic can be resolved if the government imposes taxes on private automobile owners for the enhancement of public transport. Firstly, this essay will discuss the benefits of enforcing taxes to private individual car owners and secondly, the drawbacks in imposing such a law.

On the one hand, traffic affects all people from all over the world. Governments should devise a strategy in order to solve this dilemma. To enforce taxes on private automobile owners would bring benefits because it can help increase the budget, thus can allot funds to improve the conditions of roads, railways and public vehicles. This budget can develop streets and highways which in return can give more spaces for vehicles to pass through, also it can improve the traffic light systems because some of the road signs are defective and inoperative. For example, Traffic Bureau Manila in 2016 reported that it needed 60 million pesos to replace the traffic light systems in the whole Metro Manila because 80% of them are faulty and unreliable.

On the other hand, the primary drawback of imposing more tax would create outrage from the vehicle owners. This could lower the number of car buyers, which, could affect the car manufacturing industries. When the demand is low, the car companies could dismiss some of its workers, making people unemployed. These types of taxes can also be a way for some public officials to use the budget for their own personal agenda. There are many instances from the news that some government officials have been exposed as corrupt. For instance, GMA News in 2017 reported that 5 Bureau of Tax officials had been involved in money laundering scandals.

In conclusion, the pro of having a government vehicle tax budget can really help in the development of the public transportation systems, whereas the main con is that a rise in taxes could see fewer cars on the road, possible corruption and a higher unemployment rate.

(Word count - 328 / Band score 8)


  • Task Achievement - The essay provides an answer to the question asked, supported by relevant examples.
  • Coherence and Cohesion - The answer has been divided into clear logical paragraphs and each main body paragraph only has one main idea. There are cohesive links between the main body paragraphs.
  • Lexical Resource - There is evidence of a wide range of vocabulary, with no errors in the text.
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy - The answer has no grammatical errors. The sentences have a wide range of structures. 

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