IELTS Discussion Essay Sample 5 - Environment

In this post, we will look at a discussion essay example from the IELTS writing task 2 test. Students often ask if the questions are repeated year after year and the answer is no, but the topics are. There are so many questions written each year, you may find your practice answering various questions on different topics. For example, you could write essays to answer questions about education or the environment, which benefits you because you learn vocabulary associated with those topics and develop ideas that can help you in your writing test.

Practising writing IELTS task 2 essays on a range of topics is a great way to learn new vocabulary for those topics, but also to practice your essay structures. You begin to develop your ideas around those topics, thinking of examples and giving your opinions.

If you would like to learn how to structure a discussion essay please click the button below >

Take a look at the IELTS essay example below >>

Many individuals think that places with higher structures that are perpendicularly erected are preferred while some believe that parallel buildings are more suitable. In my opinion, I believe that taller buildings are more beneficial for these could offer more space for tenants. Firstly this essay will discuss why high rising towers are popular to occupants and secondly, the benefits of living in a flat building. 

On the one hand, construction businesses are in demand nowadays. There are quite a few numbers of high rising condominiums that are available on the market for they are affordable, yet offer reasonable amenities that tenants can enjoy. They can also appreciate magnificent views of the surrounding landscape if they live in a high rise building. For example, a survey by the Ateneo University in the Philippines in 2016 revealed that 76% of their correspondents would choose to live in a condominium because of its affordability and hotel like facilities.

On the other hand, flat buildings offer more space. Many individuals belong to a large family and that is why a larger area is needed in order to accommodate them.  These types of buildings are also safer than high rising ones for they can easily provide rescue operations in times of fires or earthquakes. For instance, an article in the Manila Bulletin in 2015 reported that fire rescues are more successful in low-level buildings versus high rising towers for they find it difficult to rescue victims on high-level floors.

In my opinion, I believe that taller buildings are more convenient for these only require a limited space for its area.  The higher the structure means that it can give more units which can provide a quality home for every family at an affordable price.  For example, a study by the Philippines Housing Authority in 2010 revealed that application for housing loans in condominiums tripled in 2009 as loans in acquiring townhouses dropped by 75%.

In conclusion, the higher the building means more spaces are available as more families are able to have a place that they can call their home at an affordable price. 

(Word count - 349 / Band score 8)


  • Task Achievement - The essay provides an answer to the question asked, supported by relevant examples.
  • Coherence and Cohesion - The answer has been divided into clear logical paragraphs and each main body paragraph only has one main idea. There are cohesive links between the main body paragraphs.
  • Lexical Resource - There is evidence of a wide range of vocabulary, with no errors in the text.
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy - The answer has no grammatical errors. The sentences have a wide range of structures. 

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