How To Write A Conclusion

In this post, we will look at how to write IELTS writing task 2 conclusions. Being able to write a competent conclusion in your task 2 essay is important because it shows the examiner that you can summarise your main ideas and effectively end the essay. 

In the conclusion, you want to show the examiner that you can sum up your main ideas and end the essay solidly. This is the closing statement, the examiner will read this paragraph last, so it needs to be strong, preferably short but to the point. You may not have much time left in the test when you write your conclusion, so practice as much as you can, looking at the various ways they can be written according to the question type.

TIP >> Always start your conclusion with one of the following; In conclusion, To conclude or To sum up


Conclusion STRUCTURE

In the final paragraph of your essay, you write the conclusion giving a summary of your main points and depending on the type of essay question you have you can add one of the following:

Cause/Effect Essay Conclusion

  • Summary of the main points
  • What you think is most important about this topic / give a recommendation

Advantages/Disadvantages Essay Conclusion

  • Summary of the main points
  • What you think were the most important pros and cons

Problem/Solution Essay Conclusion

  • Summary of the main points
  • What you think is most important about this topic / give a recommendation

Discussion Essay Conclusion

  • Summary of the main points
  • State which view is more important

Agree/Disagree Essay Conclusion

  • Summary of the main points
  • Restate own views/opinion/justify

Positive/Negative Essay Conclusion

  • Summary of the main points
  • Which side is better in your opinion

Direct Question Conclusion

  • Summary of the main points
  • What you think is most important about this topic / give a recommendation

TIP >> Don't enter any new information in the conclusion. This should be a summary of your main points and one of the sentences mentioned above. 

TIP >> Don't just copy whole sentences, words and phrases from your essay. Show the examiner that you have a wide range of vocabulary and paraphrase. 

TIP >> Always end your essay with a conclusion, two sentences is enough and you need one to be able to get a band score of 7 or higher. 



EXAMPLES

Here are some conclusion written for common question types. Please take note of how they have been written and structured. 

CAUSE/EFFECT ESSAY

Question

In current society, many people are struggling with obesity. What is the main cause of this? What are the effects?

Conclusion

In conclusion, obesity is being caused by easily available calorie-rich processed food and little exercise. The effects of this are impacting individuals health as well as the cost of national healthcare services. In order for obesity to be lessened, individuals should be educated about nutrition, furthermore, the governments should implement higher taxes on all junk food and sugar.

Feedback

This is a high-level conclusion, the first sentence begins with the cohesive device - in conclusion, and then proceeds to summarise the main points. The second sentence explains what the writer thought was important about the topic and gives a recommendation in the final sentence.

Click to read the full essay.


ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES ESSAY 

Question

Many people in society believe that having fixed punishments for all crimes is a more efficient way of dealing with criminals in the justice system.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of having a fixed punishment?

Conclusion

In conclusion, fixed punishment offers an interesting choice for effective crime deterrence and a faster judicial process.  However, its inherent flaw in generalising all crime without carefully considering mitigating circumstances would compromise the very essence of justice and should warrant a closer study before fully implementing it to any modern judicial system.

Feedback

This is a high-level conclusion, the first sentence begins with the cohesive device - in conclusion, and then proceeds to summarise the main points. The conclusion also states what the writer thought were the most important pros and cons.

Click to read the full essay.


PROBLEM/SOLUTION ESSAY 

Question

Due to poorer countries experiencing a 'brain drain' they are seeing many professionals, such as doctors and teachers, leaving to work in more developed countries.

What problems does this cause? What solutions can be suggested to deal with this problem?

Conclusion

In conclusion, with the rising demand for nurses, doctors and teachers in economically rich countries like the UK, more and more people are leaving their poor origin countries in search of better pay, working conditions and benefits. It is, therefore, necessary for governments to put appropriate schemes into place, with mandatory service for state-funded degree holders.

Feedback

This is a high-level conclusion, the first sentence begins with the cohesive device - in conclusion, and then proceeds to summarise the main points. It  explains what the writer thought was important about the topic and gives a recommendation in the final sentence.

Click to read the full essay.


DISCUSSION ESSAY 

Question

Some people think that developments involving the internet have brought people closer together while others think that people and communities have become more isolated.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Conclusion

In conclusion, it is a fact that the internet has brought more convenience into society and allowed many people to be closer. However, people should take responsibility to balance the use of the internet so that other aspects of their lives will not become neglected.

Feedback

This is a high-level conclusion, the first sentence begins with the cohesive device - in conclusion, and then proceeds to summarise the main points. It also explains which view the writer thought was more important.

Click to read the full essay.


AGREE/DISAGREE ESSAY 

Question

Due to the growing number of overweight people in today's society putting a strain on the healthcare system, some people think that the best way to deal with the problem is to offer more physical education lessons in the school curriculum.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Conclusion

In conclusion, I strongly agree that having more sports lessons in schools will help to fight the growing number of overweight people. By combining this with a healthy diet, the students will be encouraged to be healthy, from a young age, right through into adulthood.

Feedback

This is a high-level conclusion, the first sentence begins with the cohesive device - in conclusion, and then proceeds to summarise the main points. It also restates the writer's opinion and justify's their views.

Click to read the full essay.


POSITIVE/NEGATIVE ESSAY 

Question  

Many employers are now offering their employees the option to work from home.As a result, employees will have much more flexible working hours in the future.

Is this a positive or negative development?

Conclusion

In conclusion, there are clear benefits to individuals who have the opportunity to work from home, including having a flexible schedule. However, those working away from the office environment should also manage their work/life balance, so they do not develop feelings of isolation or depression.

Feedback

This is a high-level conclusion, the first sentence begins with the cohesive device - in conclusion, and then proceeds to summarise the main points. It also states which side the writer thinks is better in their opinion.

Click to read the full essay.


Direct Question Essay

Question

The arts, including art, music and theatre are considered to be important in society.

Do you think the arts still have a place amongst our modern lifestyles?

Should the arts be included in school programs?

Conclusion

In conclusion, there are clear benefits to individuals who are passionate about the arts and find enjoyment in them regularly. If more people tried to become involved in the arts, then perhaps they would find a way to allow themselves time to become creative or to relax, while learning something new. 

Feedback

This is a high-level conclusion, the first sentence begins with the cohesive device - in conclusion, and then proceeds to summarise the main points. It also gives a recommendation.

*Read the full essay here*


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