Motivating drives Reading Ielts Answers and Questions

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IELTS Reading Passage: Motivating Drives

Motivating drives 

Analysts have been investigating the way to get workers motivated for many years. This investigation is a comparative study which builds the basic and extensive model for study. This is mostly true when the business goal is to turn apathetic teams into beneficial ones. But their researchers have restrictions. It is like studying the movements of a car without pulling the engine. 
Motivation is what helps people to triumph and plays a significant role in improving bureaucratic development. It is important to study the motivation of workers because it is connected to the emotion and attitude of workers. Recent surveys show there are four drives for motivation. They are the drive to acquire, the drive to bond, the drive to comprehend and the drive to defend.

The Drive to Acquire

The drive to acquire must be met to advance the obtain aspect also the attainment element. Thus the way that excellent act is acknowledged, the types of perks that are offered to polish the career path. But sometimes a written letter of valuing causes more motivation than a thousand dollar check, which can serve as the unnoticed power to uplift business commitment. Victorious firms and leaders not only need to focus on the boost of physical reward but also on moving other levers within the firm that can drive motivation.

The Drive to Bond

The drive to bond is also the key to driving motivation. There are different types of bonds among people, like friendship, family. In organization, workers also want to be a crucial part of a company. They want to be owned by the company. Workers will be motivated if they find personal intimacy in the company. In the meanwhile, the most commitment will be attained by  the worker on condition that the force of motivation within the worker impacts the direction, strength and perseverance of decision and behavior in the company.

The Drive to Comprehend

The drive to comprehend motivates many workers to act higher. For years, it has been known that setting extended goals can greatly cause a collision act. Firms need to make sure that the different job roles provide workers with simulation that dare them or allow them to grow. Workers don’t want to do unintelligible things or tedious work . If the job doesn’t provide them with personal meaning and attainment, they will leave  the company. 

The Drive to Defend

The run to protect is frequently the tough lever to pull. This run apparent itself as a hunt to create and encourage justice, fairness, and the capability to convey ourselves freely.  The bureaucratic level for this basic human instigator is resource allotment. This run is also met through a worker feeling connected to a company. If their companies are combined with another, they will show worries.

Two surveys have been done to find the connection between the four drives and motivation. The article based on two surveys was at last published in Harvard Business Review. Most author’s quarrel has laid prominence on four-drive theory and real exploration. Using the results of the studies which were accomplished with workers from Fortune 500 companies and other two global businesses(P company and H company), the article notices how individualistic drives effect workers’ behavior and how bureaucratic levers improve worker motivation. 

The studies show that the run to bond is most connected to satisfying commitment, while the run to understand is most related to how much tries employees spend on works. The run to obtain can be fulfilled by a rewarding system which tries rewards to act, and gives the best people a chance for development. For run to protect, a study on the combining of P company and H company shows that workers in the former company shows an abnormal collaborating attitude. 

The key to strongly prompting employees is to meet all drives. Each of these drives is main if we are to comprehend employee incentive. These four drives, while not certainly the only human drives, are the ones that are central to unite understanding of modern human life.

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IELTS Reading Questions: motivating drives

Questions 1-5

  • Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D
  • Write the correct letter in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.

1. According to the passage, what are we told about the study of motivation?       

A  The theory of motivating employees is starting to catch attention in organizations in recent years.       
B  It is very important for managers to know how to motivate their subordinates because it is related to the salary of employees.       
C  Researchers have tended to be too theoretical to their study.       
D  The goal of employee motivation is to increase the profit of organizations.

2. What can be inferred from the passage about the study of people’s drives?

A  Satisfying employees’ drives can positively lead to the change of behavior.       
B  Satisfying employees’ drives will negatively affect their emotions.       
C  Satisfying employees’ drives can increase companies’ productions.       
D  Satisfying employees’ drives will result in employees’ outstanding performance.

3. According to paragraph three, in order to optimize employees’ performance, are needed.      

A  Drive to acquire and achievement element      
B  Outstanding performance and recognition      
C  Career fulfillment and a thousand dollar check      
D  Financial incentive and recognition

4. According to paragraph five, how does “the drive to comprehend” help employees perform better?      

A  It can help employees better understand the development of their organizations.      
B  It can help employees feel their task is meaningful to their companies.      
C  It can help employees set higher goals.      
D  It can provide employees with repetitive tasks.

5. According to paragraph six, which of the following is true about “drive to defend”?     

A  Organizational resource is the most difficult to allocate.     
B  It is more difficult to implement than the drive to comprehend.     
C  Employees think it is very important to voice their own opinions.     
D  Employees think it is very important to connect with a merged corporation.

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Questions 6-8

  • Choose THREE letters, A-F.
  • Write the correct letters in boxes 6-8 on your answer sheet.
  • Which THREE of the following statements are true of study of drives?

A  Employees will be motivated if they feel belonged to the company.
B  If employees get an opportunity for a training and development program, their motivation will be enhanced.
C  If employees’ working goals are complied with organizational objectives, their motivation will be reinforced.
D  If employees’ motivation is very low, companies should find a way to increase their salary as their first priority.
E  If employees find their work lacking challenging, they will leave the company.
F  Employees will worry if their company is sold.

Questions 9-14

  • Do the following statements agree with the claims of the writer in Reading Passage?
  • In boxes 35-40 on your answer sheet, write
  • YES if the statement agree with the claims of the writer
  • NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
  • NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

9  Increasing pay can lead to high work motivation.
10  Local companies benefit more from global companies through the study.
11  Employees achieve the most commitment if their drive to comprehend is met.
12 The employees in the former company presented an unusual attitude toward the merging of two companies.
13  The two studies are done to analyze the relationship between the natural drives and the attitude of employees.
14 Rewarding systems cause the company to lose profit.

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Motivating drives Reading Answers

1. C
2. A
3. D
4. B
5. C
6. A,E,F in any order
7. A,E,F in any order
8. A,E,F in any order
9. No
10. Not given
11. No
12. Yes
13. No
14. Not given


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