IELTS Problem/Solution Essay Sample 2 - Environment

In this post, we will look at a problem/solution essay example from the IELTS writing task 2 test. Students often ask if the questions are repeated year after year and the answer is no, but the topics are. There are so many questions written each year, you may find your practice answering various questions on different topics. For example, you could write essays to answer questions about education or the environment, which benefits you because you learn vocabulary associated with those topics and develop ideas that can help you in your writing test.

Practising writing IELTS task 2 essays on a range of topics is a great way to learn new vocabulary for those topics, but also to practice your essay structures. You begin to develop your ideas around those topics, thinking of examples and giving your opinions.

If you would like to learn how to structure a problem/solution essay please click the button below >

Take a look at the IELTS essay example below >>

Many people consider that oil rigs and gas businesses offer different job prospects for countless workers whereas others worry about the detrimental effects on the environment.  This essay thinks that without strict monitoring from the government, oil and gas companies may abuse and harm the flora and fauna. Firstly, this essay will discuss the potential benefits of the oil and gas industry expanding and secondly, the damaging effect on the environment and lastly will suggest potential resolutions to solve the problem.

On the one hand, many investors want to expand oil and gas companies for this is a very lucrative business.  This has made Saudi Arabia one of the richest countries, for they provide the major oil and gas supplies to the entire world and because of it, their economy booms and prospers which the whole country enjoys. In addition, it has also offered many job opportunities not only for the people but for nearby countries including the Philippines.  For instance, the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration in 2016 reported that over 1 million Filipino workers went out of the country to work in an oil and gas company located in the middle east.

On the other hand, the process of producing gas and manufacturing oil is a very strenuous task.  Several machines drill the ocean floors or vast areas in the desserts to look for oil deposits, which more often than not can destroy the surroundings. It can also affect some of the creatures that thrive in the affected environment for their habitats are being destroyed. The atmosphere is not spared, for the oil and gas companies produce major air pollutants that can harm both the nature and the health of its workers. For example, a study by the World Wildlife Fund in 2015 revealed that 20 percent of the ocean floor of the Pacific Ocean had been destroying due to oil explorations.

In my opinion, I believe that a potential answer to this could be that different government officials should work together in order to construct laws that provide protection to the environment against abusive oil and gas businesses. They should also have strict policies and meticulous implementation of these laws so that companies are aware of the major consequences.  For instance,  The Department of Environment and the Natural Resources in the Philippines in 2010  revealed that 30 oil explorations in the Philippines sea had been cancelled due to the probable detrimental effects on the coral reefs in the area.

In conclusion, although oil and gas companies provide countless jobs for employees we should also consider the effects on our environment because the result of this is irreversible.

(Word count - 439 / Band score 8)


  • Task Achievement - The essay provides an answer to the question asked, supported by relevant examples.
  • Coherence and Cohesion - The answer has been divided into clear logical paragraphs and each main body paragraph only has one main idea. There are cohesive links between the main body paragraphs.
  • Lexical Resource - There is evidence of a wide range of vocabulary, with no errors in the text.
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy - The answer has no grammatical errors. The sentences have a wide range of structures. 

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