Alzheimer’s Disease Ielts Answers and Questions


Alzheimer’s Disease

A. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive brain illness that has no cure. It leads to a gradual loss of memory and intellectual skills, followed by physiological functions. It’s a specific sort of dementia. The term “dementia” does not refer to a specific condition. It causes memory loss as well as the inability to talk or carry out daily tasks. Another type of dementia is stroke. Some of these brain abnormalities can be treated with drugs. They may help to alleviate symptoms or reduce the progression of the condition. Alzheimer’s disease is more common in adults over the age of 60. It’s possible that having a family member who has had it puts you at a higher risk. The majority of patients with Alzheimer’s disease are over sixty-five years old, although roughly 200,000 younger Americans suffer from the disease. The signs and symptoms worsen over time. Memory loss is usually modest at first. Memory loss is fairly severe in its later stages. People are unable to communicate. In the United States, Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth largest cause of death. Those with the disease live an average of eight years after the first symptoms occur. The range, however, is four to twenty years. The hunt for a cure for this condition is still ongoing. Threesome drugs can deal with the symptoms or delay the progression of the condition. Some brain activities slow down as people age, causing difficulty thinking rapidly or recalling specific information. Serious forgetfulness and a loss of ability to reason, on the other hand, could indicate that brain cells are deteriorating. Alzheimer’s disease typically originates in the learning center of the brain. As the condition worsens, mood swings, confusion, and disorientation emerge. Speaking, swallowing, and walking difficulties, as well as mistaken assumptions about those around the sufferer, can occur. Unfortunately, the patient may not even be aware that there is an issue. Changes in the family may be noticed by family members. The patient may benefit from early detection and diagnosis. One hundred billion nerve cells make up the brain. Special functions are assigned to groups of cells.

B. Everyone communicates with one another. All processes must be able to communicate with one another. Alzheimer’s disease, according to scientists, hinders the cells from functioning as they should. The cells suffer damage, lose their capacity to fulfill their functions, and eventually perish. Plaques are protein fragment deposits that form between cells. Tangles are twisted protein filaments that accumulate inside cells. Most people develop plaques and tangles as they get older. Autopsies of persons who have died from Alzheimer’s disease, on the other hand, reveal higher levels of these two proteins. The issue starts in the memory-related part of the brain. Scientists believe that the buildup of these proteins hinders cells from communicating with one another. The loss of function associated with Alzheimer’s disease is caused by the destruction of nerve cells.


Questions 1-6

Complete the table below

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

Answers for Alzheimer’s Disease

1. Answer: MEMORY LOSS

2. Answer: STROKE

3. Answer: 2,00,000 YOUNGER

4. Answer: NERVE CELLS

5. Answer: PLAQUES

6. Answer: TANGLES

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