One Hundred Days of Reform Reading Ielts Answers and Questions

The Blog post contains the following IELTS Reading Questions:

  • IELTS Reading Multiple Choice Questions
  • IELTS Reading Sentence Completion
  • IELTS Reading True/False/Not Given

Stay informed and prepared for success – Explore our comprehensive Reading Test Info page to get valuable insights, exam format details, and expert tips for mastering the IELTS Reading section.

IELTS Reading Passage – One Hundred Days of Reform

One Hundred Days of Reform

The term “one hundred days” has been used in politics to indicate a short period of intense political reform since the early 1800s. This phase typically begins when a new leader obtains power in a country. When Napoleon fled Elba and King Louis XVIII reclaimed his throne, the first Hundred Days happened between March and June 1815. This was one of the outcomes of the Battle of Waterloo. The Hundred Days of Reform of China (also referred to as the Wuxu Reform) was influenced by a similar event. Emperor Guangxu found his nation in a tough situation following the defeat of the Sino-Japanese War. Desperate for change, the emperor recruited help from a young political activist called Kang Yu-Wei. K’ang graduated with the highest qualification (chin-shih), published two books on reform, and started many of his own political reform projects at the age of 27. K’ang impressed the court and persuaded the king that China, similar to Japan, ought to establish a constitutional government and remove the monarchy.

Emperor Guwangu handed the reform work to Kang on June 11, 1898, and placed a progressive scholar-reformer in the control of the government. K’ang started working immediately to transform China into a more modern nation with the help of some other reformers. In a brief amount of time, the imperial court issued several statutes related to the country’s social and political structure. K’ang first intended to reform China’s educational system. Instead of the Neo-Confucian orthodoxy, the edicts proposed a universal educational system that prioritized practical and Western studies. The new government also aimed to modernize the country’s examination methods as well as send more students abroad to learn firsthand how technology was evolving in other countries. Another demand made by K’ang was the establishment of a national parliamentary government with elected officials and ministries. Modernization of agriculture and medicine was also on the agenda, along with military reform and the establishment of a new defense system.

These edicts created a threat to Chinese institutions and ideologies, particularly the army, that at the time had been controlled by a small group of governors-general. At every level of society, there was strong opposition to the reform, and only one out of fifteen provinces attempted to implement the edicts. The Manchus recommended more gradual adjustments since they thought the reform was a radical and unrealistic proposal. Three months into the reform, Yuan Shikai and Empress Dowager Cixi organized a coup d’état to remove Guangxu and the youthful reformers from power and confine them in seclusion. Some of the reformers’ top advocates that refused to quit were executed. The new edicts were abolished after September 21st, and the conservatives reclaimed power.

Many Chinese citizens believed that the consequences of the One Hundred Days of Reform were worse for their country than the reform attempts’ short but failed rule. Anti-foreign, as well as anti-Christian secret societies, ripped through northern China immediately after the conservative takeover, attacking foreign concessions and missionary establishments. The brutality of these “Boxer bands” provoked revenge from the offended nations, compelling the government to declare war on the invaders. By the end of August, a group of Allied forces consisting of armies from nine different European countries, the United States, and Japan had arrived in Peking. North China had been conquered with little effort, and foreign troops had established themselves within the border. Under the Protocol of 1901, the court was ordered to either kill or punish several of its prominent officials. The Allies decided on an “open door” trade plan rather than dividing the conquered area among the countries. Numerous of these original reform plans, such as the modernization of educational and military systems, were ordered by the court within a decade.

Empress Dowager Cixi, who refused to reform despite the reality that change was inevitable was portrayed as the villain in the traditional depiction of the One Hundred Days of Reform, while Emperor Guwangxu and K’ang Yu-wei were portrayed as heroes. However, as the One Hundred Days became a symbol of political failures, historians of the 20th century often symbolizes the Wuxu Reform as an impractical dream. The conservative elites might have been more hostile to the immediacy of the planned edicts than the changes themselves, which can be seen by the fact that the reforms were implemented in the span of decades rather than months.

Unlock your full potential in the IELTS Reading section – Visit our IELTS Reading Practice Question Answer page now!

Recommended Questions:

Renewable Energy IELTS Reading Question with Answer

One Hundred Days of Reform Reading Questions

Questions 1 – 4

What were some of the reforms planned during the One Hundred Days of Reform in China? Choose four answers from the list below, and write the correct letters, A-G, in boxes 1 – 4 on your Answer Sheet.

  • Modernization of the school system
  • Establishment of a parliament
  • Focus on the study of Confucianism
  • Reorganization of the military
  • Abolition of elections
  • Improvement of farming & initiation of foreign trade

Ready to improve your performance in Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)? Click here to access our comprehensive guide on how to tackle MCQs effectively in the IELTS Reading section.

Questions 5 – 9

Complete the sentences below about the reading passage. Choose your answers from the box below, and write them in boxes 5 – 9 on your Answer Sheet. There are more choices than spaces, so you will not use them all.

  • overthrew the government after the reforms were introduced
  • in charge of the reform movement
  • were voted in
  • in prison
  • were abolished
  • lost a war
  • began trade
  • foreigners in China
  • were executed
  • reform supporters
  • occupied China
  • were initiated
  • opposed the reforms
  • were re-established

5. China ______ with Japan.
6. After June 11, 1898, the reforms _______.
7. Emperor Guangxu put K’ang Yu-wei _________
.8. Yuan Shikai and Empress Dowager Cixi ___________.
9. Secret societies attacked _________.

Enhance your sentence completion skills in the IELTS Reading section. Click here to access our comprehensive guide and learn effective strategies for filling in missing words or phrases in sentences.

Questions 10 – 13

Do the following statements agree with the information in Reading Passage?

WriteTRUE: if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE: if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN: if there is no information about the statement

10. K’ang published five books at the mere age of 27.
11. Many people were in opposition to the reforms.
12. Britishers formed an alliance with European countries to conquer China.
13. Empress Dowager Cixi is regarded as a villain, in the traditional perspective of the story of ‘One Hundred Days of Reform’.

Enhance your skills in identifying information as True, False, or Not Given. Click here to discover expert strategies and techniques for mastering this question type in the IELTS Reading section.

Unlock your full potential in the IELTS Reading section – Visit our IELTS Reading Practice Question Answer page now!

Recommended Questions:

Renewable Energy IELTS Reading Question with Answer

One Hundred Days of Reforms Reading Answers

1. A
2. B
3. D
4. F
5. F
6. L
7. B
8. A
9. H
10. False
11. True
12. Not Given
13. True


We hope you found this post useful in helping you to study for the IELTS Test. If you have any questions please let us know in the comments below or on the Facebook page.

The best way to keep up to date with posts like this is to like us on Facebook, then follow us on Instagram and Pinterest. If you need help preparing for the IELTS Test, join the IELTS Achieve Academy and see how we can assist you to achieve your desired band score. We offer an essay correction service, mock exams and online courses.

Scroll to Top