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IELTS reading passage – Raising the Mary Rose
Raising the Mary Rose
On 19 july 1545, English and French expeditions were busy in a naval combat off the seaboard of southern England in the zone of aqua called the solent, amid Portsmouth and the Isle of person.
Among the English boats was a battleship by the name of Mary Rose. Assembled in Portsmouth some 35 years earlier, she had a huge and victorious violence profession, and was a beloved of king Henry VIII. Descriptions of what occurred to the craft differ: time bystanders agree that she was not struck by the French, some assert that she was old-fashioned, overstuffed and yacht too low in the water, others that she was mismanaged by a disruptive team.
What is undoubted, however, is that the Mary Rose be engulfed into the solent that day, taking at least 500 men with her. After the fight, attempts were made to recuperate the boat, but these failed.
The Mary Rose came to relax on the ocean floor, lying on her rightward at a gradient of roughly 60 degrees. The hull acted as a trap for the sand and mud conveyed by solent flow. As a outcome, the rightward filled quickly, escaping the reveal port to be corroded by marine organisms and mechanical degradation. Because of the way the yacht sank, mostly all of the rightward half live whole.
During the 17th and 18th centuries, the whole plot became protected with a coating of firm grayish clay, which reduced more distant corrodes.
Then, on 16 June 1836, some angler in the Solent found that their apparatus was seized on a submarine hinder, which turned out to be the Mary Rose. Diver John Deane occurred to be traveling over one more hollowed ship nearby, and the angler accessed him, asking him to free their equipment. The administrator plunged down, and found the apparatus seized on wood sticking out a bit from the foreshore. Traveling over more distant he lay bare some other woods and a burnished gun. Administrators carry on with plunge on the plot occasionally until 1840, recuperating some more guns, two bows, numerous woods, part of a pump and numerous other tiny finds.
The Mary Rose then faded obscurely for one more centenary. But in 1965, military chronicler and non-professional diver Alexander Mckee, in concurrence with the British Sub-Aqua Club, began a plan called ‘Solent Ships’. While on paper this was a scheme to inspect a number of familiar destruction in the solent, what Mckee in fact aspired for was to discover the Mary Rose. Usual hunt approach demonstrated disappointment, so Mckee infiltrated into alliance with Harold E.Edgerton, instructor of electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
In 1967, Edgerton’s side-scan sonar systems divulged a large, oddly formed object, which Mckee trust was the Mary Rose. Further exhumation divulged a celestial part of timber and an iron gun. But the peak to the working came when, on 5 May 1971, a bit of the yacht’s frame lay bare. Mckee and his group now knew for certain that they had established the wreck, but were as yet ignorant that it also accommodated a rich accumulation of pretty conserved antiquity.
Attentiveness in the project improved, and in 1979, the Mary Rose Trust was devised, with Prince Charles as its President and Dr Margaret Rule its Antiquarianism Director. The resolution even if or not to rescue the destruction was not an easy one, while an exhumation in1978 had shown that it might be feasible to raise the hull. While the indigenous aim was to raise the hull if at all practicable, the working was not given the permission until January 1982, when all the obligatory details were obtainable.
A major factor in the attempt to rescue the Mary Rose was that the endure hull was an open carapace. This led to a major decision to begin: specifically to carry out the raise working in three very clear stages. The hull was fond of a raising frame along a web of gobble and raising cord. The issues of the hull stats sip back descending into the mire was controlled by using 12 hydraulically jacks. These increased it a few centimeters over a time of some days, as the raising frame rose unhurriedly up its four legs. It was only when the hull was draped freely from the rising frame, clear of the ocean bottom and the absorption effect of the nearby mire, that the rescue operation moved to the 2nd stage. In this stage, the rising frame was fixed to shake fond of a crane, and the hull was raised totally clear of the ocean bottom and moved undersea into the rising cradle. This needs to be exact to locate the legs into the skewer guides of the rising cradle. The rising cradle was sketched to fit the hull juicing antiquarianism survey drawings, and was fitted with air bags to give one more protection for the hull’s fine timber framework. The third and final stage was to raise the total structure into the air, by which time the hull was also held up from beneath. At last, on 11 October 1982, millions of people around the earth held their breath as the timber skeleton of the Mary Rose was raised clear of the aqua, ready to be returned home to Portsmouth.
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Raising the Mary Rose IELTS Reading Questions
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage? In boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet, write
- TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
- FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
- NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
1. There is some doubt about what caused the Mary Rose to sink.
2. The Mary Rose was the only ship to sink in the battle of 19 July 1545.
3. Most of one side of the Mary Rose lay undamaged under the sea.
4. Alexander McKee knew that the wreck would contain many valuable historical objects.
Enhance your skills in identifying information as True, False, or Not Given. Click here to discover expert strategies and techniques for mastering this question type in the IELTS Reading section.
Look at the following statements (Questions 5-8) and the list of dates below. Match each statement with the correct date, A-G. Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 5-8 on your answer sheet.
List of Dates
A 1836 E 1971
B 1840 F 1979
C 1965 G 1982
5. A search for the Mary Rose was launched.
6. One person’s exploration of the Mary Rose site stopped.
7. It was agreed that the hull of the Mary Rose should be raised.
8. The site of the Mary Rose was found by chance.
Improve your performance in Matching Features questions by clicking here to access our comprehensive guide. Learn how to match specific features or characteristics with the options provided in the IELTS Reading section.
Label the diagram below.Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 9-13 on your answer sheet. Raising the hull of the Mary Rose: Stages one and two
9. __________ attached to hull by wires
10. ________ to prevent hull being sucked into mudlegs are placed into
11.___________ hull is lowered into
13._____________ used as extra protection for the hull
Also check out the IELTS academic reading diagram labeling
Raising the Mary Rose Reading Answers
1. Answer: True
2. Answer: Not given
3. Answer: True
4. Answer: False
5. Answer: C
6. Answer: B
7. Answer: G
8. Answer: A
9. Answer: (lifting)frame(raising frame)
10. Answer: Hydraulic jacks (hydraulically)
11. Answer: Stabbing guides(skewer)
12. Answer: (lifting) cradle(rising)
13. Answer: Air bags
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