Rising Sea Ielts Answers and Questions

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  • IELTS Reading Multiple Choice Questions
  • IELTS Reading Matching Headings
  • IELTS Reading True/False/Not Given

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IELTS Rising Sea Reading Passage

Rising Sea

1.The average air weather condition at the outside part of the world has originated a hundredfold as the weather condition of the outside part of sea waters. Because water amplifies as it heats, a warmer sea means higher ocean levels. We are unable to say for certain that the weather conditions arise because of the planthouse effect; the warm up may be a bit of a “ natural” mercurialness over a long period that we have not so far acknowledged in the short century of registration. However, presume the expansion of planthouse gasses is in charge, and that the warming will carry on. Analysts and residents of low-lying seaside areas would like to know the size of the future sea level rise.

2.Computing this is not easy. Replica used for the motive to treat the sea as inactive,static and shallow. Analysts have presumed that heat directly spreaded into the ocean from the airspace. Using fundamental physical laws, they then forecast how much a known capacity of water would enlarge for a given rise in weather conditions. But the sea is not shallow and latest toil by oceanologist, using a latest replica which takes into account a numeral of fine surface of the ocean-as well as huge and complicated sea ongoing-advise that the increase in ocean level may be lower than some before time estimation had forecast.  

3.An intercontinental gathering on weather swap, in 1986, made figures for probable ocean-level increase of 20 cm and 1.4 m, communicated to aerial weather condition growth of 1.5 and 4.5c appropriately. Some analysts forecast that the sea warming consequences from those weather conditions grown by the year 2050 would increase the ocean level by in the middle of 10 cm and 40 cm. This replica only  considers the weather condition effect on the sea; it does not contemplate swap in ocean level take about by the liquefy of ice linen and iceberg and replace in free aquifer stockpile. When we add on estimation of these, we appear at figures for the entire ocean-level increase of 15 cm and 70 cm proportionately.

4.It’s not an uncomplicated attempt to replicate exactly the huge complication of the unpredictable sea, with their considerable volume, huge currents and responsiveness to the impact of land masses and the airspace. For illustration, examine how heat enters the sea. Does it just “spread” from the warmer air unsloped into the aqua, and heat only the surface coating of the ocean? (warm water is less thick than cold, so it would not diffuse downwards). Regular capy of ocean-level increase have contemplated that this the only procedure, but motion have shown that the rate of heat carried into the sea by unsloped spread is distantly lower in exercise than the figures that many copy have embraced.

5.Most of the earlier toil, for clarity, disregards the reality that water in the sea goes in three proportions. By motion, naturally, analysts don’t mean waves, which are too small in particular to examine , but preferably  motion of huge  volumes of aqua in enormous currents. To  realize the significance of this, we now need to examine another procedure -convection. Assume smog increased from a chimney. On a still day it will leisurely lay out in all directions by means of spreading. With a powerful directional breeze, although it will all move leeward, this procedure is convection- the convey of belongings(notably heat and brininess in sea) by the motion of bodies of air or water, preferably by absorption or spreading. 

6.Enormous sea ongoing known as gyres in the motion. These presents have immeasurably more volume to save heat than does the airspace. To be sure, just the top 3 m of the sea has maximum heat  than the entire of the airspace. The source of the gyres recline in the reality that maximum heat from sun extends the celestial equator then the poles, and naturally heat shifts to move from the previous to the end. Warm air  increases at the celestial equator, and pulls out maximum air below in the form of breeze(the “ easterlies”) that, jointly with other air motion, give the important strength driving the sea at present.

7.Aqua by itself is warmed up at the celestial equator and motion ,warped by the Earth’s revolving and afflicted by the location of the continents. The aftereffect in general ring-shaped motion between about 10 and 40’ North and South are dextrorotatory in the Southern Hemisphere. They move regard to  the east at mind latitudes in the equatorial region. They then move regard to the poles, beside the eastern sides of continents , as warm currents. When two dissimilar masses of aqua meet at one point will flow below the other, controlled by their relative solidity in the subordinate  procedure. The solidity is determined by the weather condition and saltiness. The intersection of aqua  of various solidity from the celestial equators and the poles deep in the sea  causes continual subordinates. This means that aqua moves unsloped as well as straight. Cold water from the poles moves as deep is  thicker than warm water- till it appears at the surface in the other place of the earth in the form of a cold current. 

8.Sea currents are in the three proportions, from a huge “transporter” giving out heat from the thin surface coating into  the inside  of the sea and all over the world. Water may take ten years to go round in these 3-D gyres in the less kilometer of the sea and centennial in the cavernous water. With the grown atmospheric weather conditions due to the plant house effect, the sea bearer belt will convey more heat into the inside. This subordinates  flow heat all over far more successfully than simple spread. Since warm water amplifies more than cold when it is heated, analysts had assumed that the ocean level would increase changing all over the world. It is now trusted that these disproportion cannot continue, as winds will behave  to consistently lay out the water growth. Obviously, if earth warming swaps the force and allotments of the winds, then this “evening-out” procedure may not appear and the ocean level could increase more in some places than others. 

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Rising Sea IELTS Reading Questions

Questions 1-6

Rising Sea Reading Passage has 8 Paragraphs, 1-8. The first paragraph and the last have been given headings. Choose the correct heading for the remaining 6 Paragraphs from the list below.

There are more headings than paragraphs, so you will not use all the headings. Write the correct number, A-I, in boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet   

  1. Paragraph 2        
  2. Paragraph 3
  3. Paragraph 4
  4. Paragraph 5
  5. Paragraph 6
  6. Paragraph 7

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Questions 7-8 

Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D. Write the correct letter in boxes 7-8 on your answer sheet.

7. Scientists do not know for sure why the air and surface of oceans temperatures are rising because 

A. there is too much variability 
B. there is no enough variability
C. they have not been recording these temperatures for enough time
D. the changes have only been noticed for 100 years 

8. New search leads scientists to believe that 

A. the oceans are less complex 
B. the oceans are more complex 
C. the oceans will rise more than expected 
D. the oceans will rise less than expected 

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Question 9

Look at the following list of factors A-F and select THREE which are mentioned in the Reading Passage 2 which may contribute to the rising ocean levels.

9. Write the correct THREE letters A-F in box 9 on your answer sheet.

A. thermal expansion
B. melting ice
C. increased air temperature
D. higher rainfall 
E. changes in the water table 
F. increased ocean movement

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Questions 10-14

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2? Write

  • TRUE    if the statement agrees with the information
  • FALSE    if the statement contradicts the information
  • NOT GIVEN    if there is no information on this

10. The surface layer of the oceans is warmed by the atmosphere.
11. Advection of water changes heat and salt levels.
12. A gyre holds less heat than there is in the atmosphere.
13. The process of subduction depends on the water density.
14. The sea level is expected to rise evenly over the Earth’s surface.

Enhance your skills in identifying information as True, False, or Not Given. Click here to discover expert strategies and techniques for mastering this question type in the IELTS Reading section.

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Renewable Energy IELTS Reading Question with Answer

Rising sea reading answer

9.B C D
10.Not given


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