Roller Coaster Answers and Questions

The Blog post contains the following IELTS Reading Questions:

  • IELTS Reading Summary Completion
  • IELTS Reading Yes/No/Not Given
  • IELTS Reading Diagram Labeling

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IELTS reading passage –  Roller Coaster

Roller Coaster 

A.The technological advancements that have led to the creation of modern roller coasters are beyond the wildest dreams of those who built the first coasters 600 years ago. King Daka in New Jersey is the tallest and fastest roller coaster in the world, accelerating from 0 to 128 mph in 3.5 seconds (most sports cars reach 60 mph in 4 seconds). or more). The Kingda Ka Roller Coaster takes riders to a height of 456 feet (more than a football field and a half), where they then drop 418 feet at an angle of 90 degrees (straight up). Roller coasters amaze not only with their speed and height but also with the talent of the engineers who build them. All roller coasters have the ability to provide greater thrills with less risk than regular road riding. Throughout history, roller coasters have undergone dramatic changes. From humble beginnings when the Russian ice slid off to the metal monsters of today. It is one of the purest architectural styles because art and architecture are harmoniously integrated. 

B. From a distance, the roller coaster can be mistaken for an ordinary train. It consists of interconnected wagons that move along the railway network. Unlike traditional trains, roller coasters do not have their own power plants or engines. Gravity and momentum account for most of the train’s motion. To gain speed, you need to either accelerate the train on the first hill or jump start it hard. The primary means of lifting is a lengthy chain that runs up the hillside beneath the railroad. His loop around the gear may spin around twice, and it’s tied to a chain. This was done twice, once at the peak and once at the trough. A simple motor turns gears at the foot of the hill. This rotates the chain loops and allows conveyor-type chains to climb ramps. The roller coaster vehicle is attached to the chain with a chain carrier and a stable folding hook. The dogs cling desperately to the links of the chain as the train slides down the hill. Connect the chain cleats and the train just pulls up the mountain. Release the chain driver at the top of the slope and the train will begin to fall. 

C. There is a rich history behind the evolution of roller coasters. It is thought that the first roller coasters were based on the huge ice slides that were famous in Russia in the 16th and 17th centuries. The slide consisted of long, steep, ice-covered wooden slides, some reaching 70 feet in height. Sledders on both ice and wood careened down the slope and landed heavily on the beach below. Sceptics and believers argue over exactly when these ice slides transitioned into actual moving carts. The most accepted hypothesis is that an ambitious Frenchman brought the ice slide idea to France. The French replaced the ice slides with waxed slides and added wheels as the ice in the area melted. In 1817, the world’s first train-mounted roller coaster, Russes a Belleville (sometimes spelt “Russian Mountains of Belleville”) debuted. (In this example the pull axle slipped into a groove cut into the wood). The French accelerated this idea via way of means of growing an extra complicated song format with a couple of automobiles and diverse corners. 

D. The debate over which nation had the first “genuine” roller coaster is almost as heated as the argument over which nation had the first roller coaster. Many individuals will say that it is the Maunch Chunk-Summit Hill and Switch Back Railroad in Pennsylvania. The Maunch Chunk-Summit Hill and Switch Back Railroad, once the second railroad in the United States, is widely recognised as the finest roller coaster in history. It was originally built to transport coal from the peak of Mount Pisgah to the foot of Mount Jefferson, but mining tycoon Josiah White had the bright idea to turn it into a seasonal thrill ride. The Lehigh Valley is where it is located. Due to its rapid rise in popularity, it swiftly shifted its concentration to serving passengers solely. A steam engine capable of 100 mph would convey riders to the mountain’s summit, after which they would be free to coast back down. The term “switchback railroad” refers to the reversing track at the top of the mountain that the steam engine used to let the passengers coast down. At the terminal of this layout, the steam locomotive would decouple its carriages, allowing passengers to coast downhill in the opposite direction. Despite a few minor track modifications and a few name changes over a century, the railroad functioned from 1829 to 1937. 

E. The roller coaster boom in America has just begun. Invented by Lamarr Thompson, the Serpentine Railway is widely credited with bringing the Jetwaden coaster to the mainstream. The switchback railroad first appeared in 1884 on Coney Island in New York City and quickly spread across the country. The prolonged popularity of these rides, which gave a relatively moderate sensation compared to modern roller coasters, can be concerning. Customers paid him a dime to queue for up to five hours on two parallel sections of the gently undulating Tandematterbahn at speeds of six miles per hour. However, due to the overwhelming response to the Serpentine roller coaster, many individuals, Thompson included, started developing more extensive and more sophisticated jet coasters. 

F. In terms of glider innovation, the 1910s and 1920s stand out as particularly remarkable times. B. Unstop Wheels, a device that binds the roller coaster to the track by resisting great gravity, are only one example of the new wave of technology that has opened up previously unimaginable possibilities for the glider. In 1919, there were roughly 1,500 roller coasters in North America, and that number has only gone up since then. After that, the Great Depression destroyed many American theme parks. The amusement parks of the late 1930s continued to thrive despite their dilapidated appearance. However, when WWII ended in 1942, the glider gradually deteriorated. The majority of roller coasters in the United States are currently shuttered. The United States certainly hasn’t caught up to the number of roller coasters that were around in the Jazz Age.

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Roller Coaster reading questions

Question 17- 22

Given below is the summary of a paragraph from the reading passage
Complete the summary using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer
Write your answers in boxes 17-22 on your answer sheet.

The first roller coaster perhaps originated from Russia which is wrapped up by 17……………………, which was introduced into France, and it was modified to 18…………………… because the temperature there would 19……………………the ice. This time 20…………………… were installed on the board. In America, the first roller coaster was said to appear in Pennsylvania, it was actually a railroad that was designed to send 21…………………… between two mountains. Josiah White turned it into a thrill ride, it was also called switch backtrack and a 22…………………… there allowed riders to slide down back again.

Boost your performance in Summary, Notes, Table, and Flowchart Completion tasks. Click here to explore our detailed guide and learn how to effectively complete summaries, notes, tables, and flowcharts in the IELTS Reading section.

Questions 23-26

Do the following statements present the opinion of the writer in the passage? In boxes 23-26 on your answer sheet, write

Yes, if the statement agrees with the opinion of the writer
No, if the statement does not agree with the opinion of the writer
Not given, if the statement is unclear in expressing any opinion

23. The great depression affected amusement parks yet did not shake the significant role of the US roller coaster in the world
24. Switchback railways began to gain popularity since their first construction in new york.
25. French added more innovations to Russia’s ice slide including both cars and tracks
26. The most exciting roller-coaster in the world is in new jersey

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Questions 27‐30

The working mechanism of a roller-coaster is explained through the diagram Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.


Ready to tackle Diagram Label Completion tasks with confidence? Click here to access our comprehensive guide and learn how to accurately label parts or components of diagrams in the IELTS Reading section.


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Renewable Energy IELTS Reading Question with Answer

Roller Coaster reading answers

17. ICE
19. MELT
21. COAL
23. NO 
24. YES
25.  YES
28. LOOP
29. GEAR
30. MOTOR 


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