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- IELTS reading Matching Headings
- IELTS reading multiple choice questions
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IELTS Reading Passage: Seeing the future in with video conferencing
Seeing the future in with video conferencing.
A. Video conferencing(or video teleconferencing-VTC) as a signifies of verbal exchange intra- and inter- business has really been feasible since the daybreak of television. But the early systems, initially revealed in 1968, were actually so excessive costly and of such wretched picture quality that they were not workable requests for common public use.
B. Nevertheless, in the 1980’s ,cellular phone networks like ISDN establish to multiply, so that by the 1990’s the reduction in cost brought the apparatus obligatory for video-conferencing within the reach of the pile. The 1990s also saw the arrival of IP(Internet Protocol) based video-conferencing with further adequate video contraction automation being initiated, thus allowing personal computer(PC)- based video-conferencing. VTC had come on the site in a big way as complimentary, web extension and software, such as NetMeeting, and MSN Messenger, Skype, and others brought cheap, albeit average, VTC to the public at large.
C.Video-conferencing has been belittled for the absence of eye-contact that can influence the effectiveness of the medium and for the fact that contributors can be camera conscious. But these hurdles are not insuperable. The size of modern television together with the wide advance in picture quality as a result of the arrival of the automated age had enriched the capability of the latest video-conferencing apparatus, going rather in the direction of solving the former issues. Early studies by Alphonse Chapanis establish that the addition of video hampers instead of upgrading connection. However, as with video and sound recording of conferences, interviews etc, consciousness of the attendance of the mechanization declines with time to the point that its presence is not felt. An advanced disadvantage common to all automation is the constant chance of technical complications. But in conclusion, video-conferencing is equal to an electronic device like a PC or a telephone and so in time, any issues will be better.
D. Discussing by video has enriched the performance of various companies via its ability and success, saving both time and economy for businesses and, in this carbon- conscious age, by the depletion in the habitat cost of business travel from one place of the world to another. These aside, video-conferencing has a proximity that is tough to dare. It is now crucial in any work state where companies with workers on various sites or in various parts of the world can communicate with each other quickly. Similar to a telephone line forever fixed it is easy to dial up a colleague seconds anywhere in the global.
E. And what about the apparatus? The apparatus for video-conferencing is proportionally effortless to use. It has, actually, been ordinary in the news media for a number of years as companies have transmitted live from the back of a rig or van in news hotspots around the world. Two ISDN lines are required at each location: one for video output and the other one for the video input; an excellent camera with all-around mic or mic which can be held in the hand, clipped on, or central is needed; and for data transmission, a LAN is also required. And, without any doubt, a television screen at each end is crucial.
F. The future use of video-conferencing in the academic field has still to be completely oppressed. In this day and age when educational institutions are assumed to be more profit-conscious and much more pliable, video-conferencing could be engaged to take business into the academic field and conversely. The system can also be used to take skills all over in the world. It is no longer mandatory for specialists to travel wide distances for meetings or to educate. In some areas, say isolated islands like the Outer Hebrides in Scotland or the Cape Verde Island off West Africa, where it may be tough to find educators in expert subjects like languages, video-conferencing is an ideal way to bring schooling within the reach of each person. Video-conferencing is certainly nor a cure-all for every issue, not an end in itself, but a useful implement that can accompany instead of substitute existent tutoring methods.
G.Similar to the electronic or interactive whiteboard(IWB), whose initiation in the classroom has met with opposition to, video-conferencing may take some time to become important , if ever. But, maybe with the mounting concern about our impurity, the habitat will eventually be the great stimulus. A sobering thought is if classrooms and offices of the following will be composed solely of TV screens.
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IELTS Reading Questions: Seeing the future in with video conferencing
- Reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-G.
- Choose the correct heading for paragraphs A and C-G from the list of headings below.
- Write the correct number, i-ix, in boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet.
List of Headings
i. Some criticisms of video-conferencing
ii. The future of conferencing by video
iii. The transmission of education to remote areas
iv. The first stages of video-conferencing
v. The necessity of having two TVs
vi. How video-conferencing can benefit organizations
vii. How video-conferencing became more accessible to the general public
viii. The various pieces of equipment needed
ix. The lack of exploitation of video-conferencing in education
Example Paragraph B Answer vii
1. Paragraph A
2. Paragraph C
3. Paragraph D
4. Paragraph E
5. Paragraph F
6. Paragraph G
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- Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D.
- Write your answers in boxes 7-9 on your answer sheet.
7. Video-conferencing was not common initially because of
A. the cost and poor image quality.
B. poor advertising and marketing.
C. the lack of skilled technicians.
D. constant electronic failures.
8. Video-conferencing became more practical on personal computers once
A. the Internet became more widespread.
B. the picture quality became perfect.
C. the software became free for the general public.
D. D video compression technology worked better.
9. Video-conferencing has been attacked for
A. several problems that cannot be solved.
B. the lack of large TV screens.
C. there not being direct eye contact.
D. the failure of new digital technology.
- Choose THREE letters A-F.
- Write your answers in boxes 10-12 on your answer sheet. NB Y, our answers may be given in any order.
Which THREE of the following statements is true of video-conferencing?
A. It is cost-effective for businesses to use.
B. Operating VC equipment is not complicated.
C. It will solve many problems in the classroom.
D. More people now have the necessary skills to use video-conferencing.
E. Modern equipment rarely breaks down.
F. People in remote areas can have expertise taken to them.
- Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D.
- Write your answer in box 13 on your answer sheet.
13 The writer concludes that the success of video-conferencing in the classroom
A. is less likely than that of the whiteboard.
B. will certainly be short-lived.
C. may be linked to many unknown factors.
D. may finally depend on the environment.
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Seeing the future in with video conferencing Reading Answers
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