Space Answers and Questions

The Blog post contains the following IELTS Reading Questions:

  • IELTS Reading Matching Headings Features.
  • IELTS Reading Sentence Completion
  • IELTS Reading Matching Headings Questions.

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IELTS reading passage – Space


Will we find new frontiers or is humanity reaching the end of the universe?People need to find more creative ways to supply space as populations rise.

A. In his book “An Essay on the Principle of Population,” which was published in 1798, Thomas Malthus projected that by the middle of the 1800s, the unregulated rise of the human population would overflow the farming land that was necessary to feed humanity. A great deal has transpired since then. Since this purported turning point that occurred more than 150 years ago, humankind has continued to advance despite being considerably more constrained.

B. Unrestrained population increase is obvious. Urbanization is a more visible worldwide phenomenon than before as more people migrate from rural areas to cities like Tokyo, Mexico City, and Mumbai in search of a better living. Megacities with more than 10 million inhabitants are cropping up on every continent. Now overpopulated, they’re eager for land. The expanding human population is fueling a voracious need for real estate, despite advances in agricultural technology. Personal, public, corporate, national, human, and flora/fauna space is at a premium in the next century. They are desperate for one resource that is becoming more valuable: land, and the human population is now at an all-time high. More land is needed for a variety of infrastructure facilities in addition to housing.  While advances in agricultural technology mean humanity may be able to feed the people thronging to these huge metropolises, an unparalleled thirst for real estate is being fueled by the growth of the human race. Green pastures are turned into airports, and virgin forests are cleared for food and firewood. In poorer locations, newly exposed land becomes desert, completing the destruction cycle.

C. The most popular way to use pricey space for living and working has been to build upwards; therefore, the desire for ever-taller apartments and commercial buildings in big cities like New York, Shanghai, and Singapore. The British Library, which houses millions of books, was built entirely underground not only for transportation networks but also for garbage storage, book depositories, etc. in London. The global building has become more innovative in recent years. Many countries, including Holland and the UK, have restored marshes and floodplains. Like Venice, Italy, housing complexes and airports have been built off-shore. In Japan, Kansai International Airport was built on a man-made island at great expense. In Dubai, a very inventive and expensive palm tree-shaped housing complex is being developed close to the shoreline. Global warming’s rising sea levels threaten these and other developments.

D. But when Earth is at capacity, where will humanity go? Numerous theories have been put up regarding the expansion of the human population into space. Marshall Savage, for instance, predicted that by the year 3000, there will be five quintillion people living throughout the solar system, with the majority of them residing in the asteroid belt. Savage’s ardent admirer Arthur C. Clarke currently asserts that humanity will be present on the Moon, Mars, Europa, Ganymede, and Titan, and in orbits around Venus, Neptune, and Pluto by the year 2057. According to Freeman Dyson, the Kuiper belt could become the future home of humanity within a few generations.

E. Huge space stations with human habitation are now a possibility rather than simply a pipe dream. The planet is currently orbited by a permanent multinational space station.  Recently, the first commercial tourist visited the space, and additional trips are scheduled for the near future. Although this is just the beginning, space hotels are soon to be built. Where humanity may end up is unknown. Though I’m sure I’m not the only one who fantasizes about spending my summer vacations on a floating hotel in the Andromeda nebula or on a distant planet watching the moons rise, the concepts of the off-world settlement are not outlandish.

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Space IELTS Reading Questions

Questions 1 – 5

Do the following statements agree with the claims of the writer in Reading Passage?I n boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet write
YES               if the statement reflects the claims of the writer
NO                 if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN   if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

  1. The concept of the habitation of outer space by mankind is unimaginable.
  2. The destruction of land for food and firewood is linked to desertification.
  3. Arthur C Clarke was the only person to predict that mankind will inhabit other parts of the solar system.
  4. Shortage of space has also led to underground building construction.
  5. The building of the airport in Japan costs much more than that of the housing complex in Dubai.

Want to excel in identifying the writer’s views and claims? Click here to explore our in-depth guide on how to accurately determine Yes, No, or Not Given in the IELTS Reading section.

Questions 6 – 9 

Reading passage 1 has five sections A – E. Choose the correct heading for sections B – E from the list of headings below.

List of Headings

i.    How the problem of land scarcity has been overcome in the past
ii.   Various predictions about future solutions to a lack of space
iii.   The effects of population growth on land availability
iv.   The importance of the new British Library
v.    An expanding population
vi.   A description of a mega-city
vii.  A firm belief that human habitation of outer space will occur
viii. The importance of having an international space station

Example Answer
Section A: v

6. Section B
7. Section C
8. Section D
9. Section E

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Questions 10 – 13

Complete the sentences below. Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

10.  The movement of rural people to cities is a _______
11.  The land is now very _______, as a result of the growing demand for space.
12.  The feeding of the human race will perhaps be guaranteed by changes in _______
13.  Besides the demands of accommodation, the land is needed for various _______

Enhance your sentence completion skills in the IELTS Reading section. Click here to access our comprehensive guide and learn effective strategies for filling in missing words or phrases in sentences.

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Renewable Energy IELTS Reading Question with Answer

Space IELTS Reading Answers

1. No 
2. Yes 
3. No 
4. Yes 
5. Not given
6. iii 
7. i 
8. ii 
9. vii 
10. Worldwide phenomenon
11. Infrastructure facilities
12. Agriculture technology 
13. Valuable


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