IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 - Multiple Charts And Graphs

IELTS writing task 1 academic multiple charts and graphs

A question on the IELTS academic writing test that is becoming more common, asks the candidate to write about more than one chart or diagram

You may have a pie chart and a table, a bar chart and a line graph, or any combination of charts. In this post we will look at how to write this type of essay, with structure help, vocabulary and sample answers. 


Writing Task 1 - Multiple Charts Essay Structure >>

Paragraph 1 - Paraphrase the question

When writing your own introduction of one or two sentences paraphrase the question and add detail. 

Paragraph 2 - Overview of the main features

You need to be able to give a broad summary of the information. This is best started with - Overall....... then giving details of the main features you can see. You can write this in one or two sentences, which describe the main features of the information that is presented in the charts. Think about the main features that you can see in chart number 1, and then write about the main features you can see in chart number 2. You should then make any comparisons if relevant.

Paragraph 3 - Specific details of the main features in chart number 1

Write about the specific details that you can see - looking closely at the main features of chart number 1 and include detail, then make any comparisons if relevant. 

Paragraph 4 - Specific details of the main features in chart number 2

Write about the specific details that you can see - looking closely at the main features of chart number 2 and include detail, then make any comparisons if relevant. 


Writing Task 1 Multiple Charts Sample Essays >>

Here are two sample essay questions and answers for you to look at. Review the language used, the essay structure, the information gathered and how it has been written. 


Sample Multiple Chart Essay 1 

The charts both show relevant data about the interests, of people living in the UK in 2016. Moreover, the two charts represent males and females of all ages and their interests by gender, while the bar chart displays the exact level of interests according to the current age range from 16 to 75+ years.

Overall, there is a common pattern in regards to the percentage of activities between both genders and it is evidenced that there are both women and men who enjoy studying and gardening. The bar chart shows that there are high numbers of young people aged 24-50 who are interested in travelling.

On the one hand, there is a massive difference between the population who are 50-75 years old and the 75+ years regarding their interest in gardening (72%). However, the age groups with the most desire to travel in 2016 are those aged between 24-35 (76%). Furthermore, there are similar numbers of people who are interested in travelling between the age ranges of 16-24 to 35-50 (71%), which is currently expressed in the proportional bar chart.

On the other hand, there is evidence of a smaller percentage of women (29%) who want to travel compared to men (32%). People of both genders who enjoy gardening, with a contrast of 38% for women and 35% for men. Finally, both males and females are equal in their passion for studying. (33%).

(Word Count = 233 / Band Score 9)


  • Task Achievement - The answer provides relevant information, summarising the interests by age range and then interests by gender. The main features are given and comparisons made, with the relevant information given.
  • Coherence and Cohesion - The answer has been divided into clear logical paragraphs, with clear cohesion between them with the addition of linking words (overall, on the one hand, on the other hand, finally, however, furthermore).     
  • Lexical Resource - There is evidence of paraphrasing, synonyms and some less common words. 
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy - The answer has no grammatical errors. The sentences are mainly made up of multiple clauses and have a variety of structures. There are no spelling mistakes.

TIP >> Remember to compare the information given, but focus on one idea in each main body paragraph. 

TIP >> Remember to include numbers / stats / data in the main body paragraphs. This may seem obvious but many students do not include this. 


Sample Multiple Chart Essay 2

The line graph reflects the number of people who travelled to Disneyland and Sea World between 2001 and 2005, while the bar chart illustrates the most popular rides people visited at Disneyland. Units are measured in millions of people.

Overall, the line graph shows that there was an increase in the number of visits to Disneyland compared to Sea World in the period given. However, the bar chart shows that Splash Mountain was the most popular ride taken.

Initially, we can observe that in the year 2001 there are a small number of people who travelled to Sea World (9 million). This increased slowly during the following years to nearly 30 million people in 2005. The number of people who visited Disneyland was slightly higher (12 million). In 2003, around 20 million entered Disneyland, this progressed continuously, reaching to over 50 million people in 2005.  

Furthermore, the second graph clearly shows that over 12 million people visited Splash Mountain. The second most popular ride visited was the Haunted Mansion (8.5 million). Big Thunder Mountain and Matterhorn Bobsleds had around 4 million and 3 million people visiting respectively. The least amount of travellers visited the Jungle Cruise (2 million). 

(Word Count = 198  / Band Score 9)


  • Task Achievement - The answer provides relevant information, giving a clear overview and then describing the specific features in the main body paragraphs. The information is relevant to the question. 
  • Coherence and Cohesion - The answer has been divided into clear logical paragraphs, with clear cohesion between them with the addition of linking words (overall, initially, furthermore).
  • Lexical Resource - There is evidence of paraphrasing, synonyms and some less common words. 
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy - The answer has no grammatical errors. The sentences are mainly made up of multiple clauses and have a variety of structures. There are no spelling mistakes and punctuation is correct.

TIP >> Remember to compare the information given, but focus on one idea in each main body paragraph. 

TIP >> Remember to include numbers / stats / data in the main body paragraphs. This may seem obvious but many students do not include this. 


Writing Task 1 Band Score 9 Criteria >>


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