Worldwide land degradation: Multiple Charts and Graphs Essay Modal Answer | IELTS Writing Task 1

IELTS Writing Task 1 - Multiple Charts Essay

In this post, we will look at a Writing Task 1 Academic multiple chart essay example from the IELTS writing task 1 Academic Test: Worldwide land degradation.

Students often ask if the questions are repeated year after year and the answer is no, but the type of chart or graph can be. There are so many questions written each year, you may find you practice answering various questions on different topics. It is best practice to learn how to answer each one of the various types of writing task 1 questions, from bar charts, line graphs, maps, process etc.

If you would like to learn how to structure a multiple charts essay please click the button below:
How to structure a multiple charts essay

Take a look at the IELTS Writing Task 1 Multiple Charts and Graphs Academic essay example below:

*This multiple chart question and answer were provided by a student. IELTS Achieve did not design this  question*

The Question is:

Worldwide land degradation

The pie chart below shows the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive. The table shows how these causes affected three regions of the world during the 1990s.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Causes of land degradation by region

Region % land degraded by …
DeforestationOver – cultivationover – graingtotal land degraded
North America0.23.31.55%
Europe9.87.75.523%
Ocenia*1.7011.313%

* A large group of islands in the South Pacific including Australia and New Zealand.

IELTS multiple charts question

Take a look at the model answer.

The first diagram describes the comparative statistics of the 4 primary causes in the world of land deterioration, while the second chart illustrates the effects of this in three main continents mainly Oceania, North America and Europe in the year 1990.
Overall, when it comes to reasons for land degradation, overgrazing garnered the highest percentage while the other category received the lowest fraction. Europe obtained the largest proportion of degraded land and North America had the lowest percentage obtained.
On the one hand, overgrazing of farm animals established the primary reason for land deprivation with 35% followed by deforestation and over-cultivation with 30% and 28% respectively. With 7 % of the other reasons, the category had the smallest proportion.
On the other hand, the European countries had the greatest proportion of degraded land with 23% with over-cultivation being the main reason trailed by Oceania and North America with 13% and 5% accordingly.

Word count – 150 / Band score 8

Instructor Feedback on Multiple Charts and Graphs Essay Modal Answer: Worldwide land degradation

Task Achievement – The answer provides a paraphrased question, to begin with, followed by an overview that gives the reader key information.    

Coherence and Cohesion – The answer has been divided into clear logical paragraphs.      

Lexical Resource – There is evidence of paraphrasing, synonyms and some less common words. 

Grammatical Range and Accuracy – The answer has no grammatical errors. The sentences are mainly made up of multiple clauses and have a variety of structures. 

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