Matching Sentence Endings

In this post, we will be looking at matching sentence endings.

In the IELTS Reading Test, you could be given questions that ask you to match sentence endings, often with many combinations that include incorrect sentences. To comprehend how to complete these questions, you need to see how ideas are connected in the texts.

You should read the first half of the sentence and then look through the text to find the information. After that read through the section of the text and choose the relevant sentence ending. There will be more sentence endings given than needed to complete the task. 

Before trying the practice questions below, see if you can match the following sentence endings, only using your logic and knowledge of grammar >>

  1. When I turn the key
  2. If you turn the tap on
  3. The child obesity rate
  4. The hospital service
  5. Substance abuse in teens

A. is steadily growing in high-income countries

B. creates many illnesses and problems

C. the door opens

D. reported cuts to spending in 2017

E. water flows out

F. reported they had been successful

Answers are at the bottom of the page.


TEST QUESTION

In the IELTS test, the matching sentence endings questions will look similar to this example below >>


The paragraphs for the practice exercises are from a text called "Obesity and Overweight" from The World Health Organisation (WHO) website.

Exercise 1

What causes obesity and overweight?

The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. Globally, there has been:

  • an increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat; and
  • an increase in physical inactivity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many forms of work, changing modes of transportation, and increasing urbanisation.

Changes in dietary and physical activity patterns are often the result of environmental and societal changes associated with the development and lack of supportive policies in sectors such as health, agriculture, transport, urban planning, environment, food processing, distribution, marketing, and education.

Match the sentence endings >>

  1. Weight issues are created when

  2. Having a job where you are sitting for long periods of time or no exercise in your regular routine can

  3. The situation around you can affect your

A. the number of calories burned are not the same as the calories that have been eaten

B. health and the lifestyle that you have

C. a person consumes too much fast food

D. lead to weight gain, because of less movement

E. make a person gain weight and go out less

F. outlook on life, which affects your daily diet and exercise routine 

Answers are at the bottom of the page.


Exercise 2

How can overweight and obesity be reduced?

Overweight and obesity, as well as their related noncommunicable diseases, are largely preventable. Supportive environments and communities are fundamental in shaping people’s choices, by making the choice of healthier foods and regular physical activity the easiest choice (the choice that is the most accessible, available and affordable), and therefore preventing overweight and obesity.

At the individual level, people can:

  • limit energy intake from total fats and sugars;
  • increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, as well as legumes, whole grains and nuts; and
  • engage in a regular physical activity (60 minutes a day for children and 150 minutes spread through the week for adults).

Individual responsibility can only have its full effect where people have access to a healthy lifestyle. Therefore, at the societal level, it is important to support individuals in following the recommendations above, through sustained implementation of evidence-based and population-based policies that make regular physical activity and healthier dietary choices available, affordable and easily accessible to everyone, particularly to the poorest individuals. An example of such a policy is a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages.

Match the sentence endings >>

  1. Being overweight

  2. People can

  3. Society must

A. offer help to those who are overweight, making sure that healthy diet options and regular activities are easily accessible

B. can be stopped, by making changes and receiving help from the community

C. is caused by being irresponsible

D. watch what they eat

E. be careful with their daily eating habits, making sure they consume a healthy amount of fruits and vegetables

F. promote a sugar tax on all unhealthy foods

Answers are at the bottom of the page.


Exercise 3

What are common health consequences of overweight and obesity?

Raised BMI is a major risk factor for noncommunicable diseases such as:

  • cardiovascular diseases (mainly heart disease and stroke), which were the leading cause of death in 2012;
  • diabetes;
  • musculoskeletal disorders (especially osteoarthritis – a highly disabling degenerative disease of the joints);
  • some cancers (including endometrial, breast, ovarian, prostate, liver, gallbladder, kidney, and colon).

The risk for these noncommunicable diseases increases, with increases in BMI.

Childhood obesity is associated with a higher chance of obesity, premature death and disability in adulthood. But in addition to increased future risks, obese children experience breathing difficulties, increased risk of fractures, hypertension, early markers of cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and psychological effects.

Match the sentence endings >>

  1. Eventual exposure

  2. Being obese at a young age

  3. The dangerous circumstances surrounding obesity

A. can lead to early death

B. are higher when a person's BMI is immense

C. can make it tough for a young person at school

D. can lead to children struggling to breathe and other complications

E. projects a future of obesity and ongoing serious health issues

F. to the health issues caused by obesity can cause a number of diseases

Answers are at the bottom of the page.


REVIEW AND STRATEGY

The matching sentence endings are common in the IELTS Reading Test, therefore you should practice and develop a strategy for answering. 

TIP >> Read the instructions before you start reading the text, partial sentences or the sentence endings. 

TIP >> Read the partial sentences first and the sentence endings.

TIP >> Skim read the text and look for any clear answers. 

TIP >> Choose your answers through an elimination process. Which ones do not fit? Which ones can you dismiss? Be attentive to synonyms and paraphrasing.


Answers >>

Practice Questions Answers >>

1 - C

2 - E

3 - A

4 - D

5 - B

Exercise 1 Answers >>

1 - A

2 - D

3. F

Exercise 2 Answers >>

1 - B

2 - E

3 - A

Exercise 3 Answers >>

1 - D

2 - E

3 - B


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