Plant scents Reading Ielts Answers and Questions

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  • IELTS Reading Locating Information
  • IELTS Reading True/ False/ Not Given
  • IELTS Reading Multiple Choice Questions

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Plant Scents IELTS Reading Passage

Plant scents

A. Everybody was sociable with fragranced flowers and many people have overheard that floral smell helps the plant enhance pollinators. This usual concept is mainly correct, but it is amazing how little scientific evidence of it lives. Naturally, some flowers are pollinated by biological representatives- for illustration, numerous types of grass are wind- pollinated-but the flowers of the grasses may discharge quite unstable. In fact, plants release natural molecules all the time, although they may not be clear to  the human nose. As for flower perfume that we can find with our nose, garlands that enchant moths and butterflies commonly smell “ sweet”, and those that enchant some flies look “decaying” to us.

B. The release of unsettled from vegetative parts of the plant is sociable, in spite of the fact up to recently the physiological purpose of these chemicals were not as transparent and had collected much less notice from scientists. When the stock of a pine tree is hurt- for illustration when a beetle attempts to burrow into it- it releases a very smelly wax. This wax is composed mainly of terpenes- hydrocarbons with an aspine of 10,15 or 20 cabins that might also hold atoms of oxygen. The large C20 glucoside called diterpenes, are glue-like and can shield and diable insects as they stopper the hole. This protection mechanism is as early as it is effectual: more samples of petrified resin, or amber, has the residue of insects confined inner. Many other plants throw out unsettled when hurt, and in some cases the released signal helps protect the plant. For illustration,(Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, which is called as a” green leaf volatile” since it is released by many plants next to hurt, putoff females of the moth Heliothis virescens from laying eggs on hurt tobacco plants. Engaging the profile of released tobacco unsettled is kinds at night than during the day, and it is the nocturnal mix, rich in several (Z)-3-hexen-1-olesters, that is most effective in repulse the night-activeH.virescent moths.

C. Vegan induced unsettled often such as incidental protection. These walls live in a kind of plant species, like also with corn, beans and the model plant types Arabidopsis thaliana. Plants not only leak unsettled acutely, at the plot where caterpillars, aphids, mites or alike insects are eating them but also commonly from non-affected parts on the plant. These signals enchant a kind of predaceous insect that hunt the plant eaters. For illustration, some parasitic wasps can affect the unsettled also commonly from non-affected parts on the plant. These signals enchant a kind of predaceous insects that hunt on the plant eaters. For illustration some exploitative wasps can affect the unsettled signature of a damaged plants and will lay their eggs inside the affront caterpillar; in the end the wasp eggs are decisive and the come out larvae feed on caterpillars from the inner hatch. The growth of contaminate caterpillars is slowdown much, to the advantages of the plant alike unsettle released by the plant in reaction to vegan egg laying can enchant parasites of the eggs, thereby stop them from hatching and escape the onslaught of hungry vegan that would have appear. Plant unsettled can also be used as a type of currency in some very incidental defensive plans.  In the tropical woods understory tree Leonardoxa Africana,ants of the types Petalomyrmex phylax patro; young leaves and enchant any vegan insects that they come across. The young leaves leak high levels of the unsettled mixture methyl salicylate,a  mixture that the ants use either as a pheromone or as a disinfectant in their nests. It appears that methyl salicylate is both a charm and honour provided by the tree to get the ants to carry out this precious disincentive role. 

D. Floral perfume has a powerful clash on the financial success of many agricultural crops that depend on insect pollinators, also with fruit trees such as the bee-pollinated cherry,peach apricot and apple as well as veggies and tropical plants such as papaya. Pollination is not to affects crop yield, but also the standard and order of crop manufacturing. Many crops need most, if not all seed to be pollinate for best fruit size and form. A reduction in perfume leak decreases the capacity of flowers to enchant pollinators and outcome is sizable for breeders, especially for launched tupe that has a special breeder in their area in origin. This issue has been aggravated by recent disease outbreaks that have destroyed many honeybees, the prime insect breeds in the United States. 

E. One indication by which plant grower avoids the pollination issue is by reproducing self-agreeable, or agamic, variations that do not need conception. In spite of this fact that the solution  is enough, its disadvantages cover close inherited and resultant sensitivity to infections. Some breeders have tried to increase honeybee foraging by sprinkling perfume mixture on orchard trees, but this viewpoint was expensive, had to be replicated, had conceivably poisonous results on the soil or local biota, and in the end it showed to be ineffectual. The poor success of this plan probably gives back essential restriction of the false, topically put in mixture, which plainly fails to shift the suitable information to the bees. For illustrate, common spraying of the evaporative compound cannot tell the insects where absolutely the bloom is. Clearly, a maximum purified plan is required. The capacity to increase the life of floral perfume, which could all be expert by inherited engineering,  would permit us to operate the different kinds of insect pollinators and the repetition of their visits. Furthermore the anabolism engineering of scent could grow batch defence opposed to pathogens and pests.

F. Inherited alteration of the fragrance will also well-being the landscaping production. Ornamentals, together with cut flowers, leaves and bashed plants, as a major decorative role in human life. Sadly, conventional parentage has often made cultivars with better vase life, freight feature, shade and form while giving up beneficial fragrances. The loss of fragrances between ornamentals, which have a global worth of more than $ 30 billion, create them chief targets for the inherited alteration of flower perfume. Some work has begun in this region, as some teams have designed petunia and carnation plants that show the linalool combination gene from C. Brewery. These trials are yet preparatory: for practical reasons, the gene was shown all over in the plant and although the genetically modified plants did make a minimum quantity of linalool, the level was under the doorstep of observation for the human nose. Another trail in tobacco used genes for other monoterpene synthases, like the one that creates limonene, but grants an alike outcome.

G. The upcoming generation of test was already in progress, also it has advanced plans that target the look of scent genes particularly to flowers or other organs- like unusual glands that can save antibacterial or vegan-resistant composite.

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Plant scents IELTS reading questions

Questions 1-4

The Reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-G. Which paragraph contains the following information? Write the correct letter A-G, in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.

1. Substance released to help plants themselves.
2. Scent helps plant’s pollination.
3. Practice on genetic experiment of fragrance.
4. Plant’s scent attracts herbivore’s enemy for protection.

Questions 5-8

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1? In boxes 5-8 on your answer sheet, write

  • TRUE               if the statement is true
  • FALSE              if the statement is false
  • NOT GIVEN     if the information is not given in the passage

5. We have few evidence to support the idea that scent attracts pollinators.
6. Heliothis virescens won’t eat those tobacco leaves on which they laid eggs.
7. Certain ants are attracted by volatiles to guard plants in rainforest.
8. Pollination only affects fruit trees’ production rather than other crop trees.

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Questions 9-13

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D. Write your answers in boxes 9 -13 on your answer sheet.

9. How do wasps protect plants when they are attracted by scents according to the passage?

A. plants induce wasps to prey herbivore.
B. wasps lay eggs into caterpillars.
C. wasps laid eggs on plants to expel herbivore.
D. offending caterpillars and wasp eggs coexist well

10. What reason caused a number of honeybees decline in the United States.

A. pollination process
B. spread illness
C. crop trees are poisonous
D. grower’s overlook 

11. Which of the following drawbacks about artificial fragrance is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. it’s very expensive
B. it can’t tell correct information to pollinators.
C. it needs massive manual labour
D. it poisons local environment 

12. The number of $30 billion quoted in the passage is to illustrate the fact that:

A. favourable perfumes are made from ornamental flowers. 
B. traditional floriculture industry needs reform. 
C. genetic operation on scent can make a vast profit. 
D. Scent plays a significant role in Ornamental industry. 

13. What is weakness of genetic experiments on fragrance?

A. Linalool level is too low to be smelt by nose
B. no progress made in linalool emission.
C. experiment on tobacco has a better result
D. transgenic plants produce intense scent

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Plant scents reading answers

1. Answer: B    
2. Answer: A 
3. Answer: F
4. Answer: C
5. Answer: True
6. Answer: Not given
7. Answer: True
8. Answer: False
9. Answer: B 
10. Answer: B 
11. Answer: C 
12. Answer: D
13. Answer: A


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