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- IELTS Reading Matching Headings
- IELTS Reading Matching Features
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IELTS Reading Passage: The Keyless Society
The Keyless Society
A. Candidates who want to enter the University of Montreal’s Athletic Complex require more than a standard ID card – their identities must be verified by an electronic hand scanner. In some California housing properties, a key alone is inadequate to get someone in the door; his or her vocal print must also be substantiated. And soon, consumers at some Japanese banks will have to present their faces to verify before they can go into the building and get their money.
B. The whole lot of application of biometrics, a little-known but rapidly growing technology that understands the use of physical or biological attributes to recognize individuals. In use for more than 10 years at some high-protection government organizations in the United States and Canada, biometrics is now quickly coming up in everyday life. Formerly more than 10,000 provisions, from confinement to child care centers, detecting people’s fingerprints or other limbs to assure that they are who they assert to be. Some 60 biometrics firms around the world pulled in at least $22 million last year and that sum total is awaited to expand to at least $50 million by 1999.
C. Biometrics security systems work by keeping a digital version of record of some peculiar human characteristics when an authorized user wishes to go into or use the provision, the system scrutinizes the person’s analogous attribute and tries to match them opposed to those on documentation. Systems using fingerprints, hands, voices, irises, retinas and faces are already in the market. Others employ typing patterns and even body smells are in numerous stages of development.
D. Fingerprints scanner devices are currently the most universally deployed type of biometrics application, thanks to their burgeoning use over the last 2 decades by security-forces. 16 American states now use a biometrics fingerprints confirmation system to check that people assert welfare payments are authentic. In June, legislators in Toronto voted to do the same, with a pilot project drawn the following year.
E. So far, the most broadly used mercantile biometrics system is the handkey, a type of hand OCR devices which peruse the peculiar shape, size and asymmetry of people’s hands. Initially created for the nuclear plants, the handkey created a breakthrough when it was used to jurisdiction entrance to the Olympic Village in Atlanta by more than 65,000 sportspeople, trainers and ancillary staff now there are results of other applications.
F. Far and wide, the market is getting bigger quickly. Malaysia, for illustration, is producing all of its airports with biometrics face OCR devices to match travelers with baggage. And Japan’s biggest maker of ATMs is an ongoing new apparatus that embodies iris OCR devices. The first mercantile biometrics, a hand reader used by an American hard to monitor worker attendance, was initiated in 1947. But only in the past few years has the automation been better enough for the cost to drop adequately to make them economically workable. ‘ When we began four years ago, I had to describe to everybody what biometrics is,’ says one publicist. Now, there’s much more awareness out there.’
G. Commonly, biometrics raises complicated questions about privacy and the possibilities of abuse. Some worry that governments and production will be enticed to monitoring the individual activities using the behavior. If someone used your fingerprints to match your health-insurance records with a credit-card record showing you commonly bought lots of cigarettes and fatty foods,’ says one policy analyst,’you would see your insurance payments go through the roof.’ In Toronto, detractors of the welfare fingerprints plan protest that it would denounce beneficiaries by forcing them to yield to a policy broadly identified with lawbreakers.
H. Nevertheless, supporters for biometrics are increasing in Toronto as it is in various countries. In a progressively crowded and complex world, biometrics may well be a technology whose time has come.
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IELTS Reading Questions: The Keyless Society
- Reading Passage 3 has eight paragraphs (A-H).
- Choose the most suitable headings for paragraphs B-H from the list of headings below.
- Write the appropriate numbers (i-x) in boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet.
- NB There are more headings than paragraphs, so you will not use all of them.
Paragraph A vi
List of Headings:
i. Common objections
ii. Who’s planning what
iii. This type sells best in the shops
iv. The figures say it all
v. Early trials
vi. They can’t get in without these
vii. How does it work?
viii. Fighting fraud
ix. Systems to avoid
x. Accepting the inevitable
1. Paragraph B
2. Paragraph C
3. Paragraph D
4. Paragraph E
5. Paragraph F
6. Paragraph G
7. Paragraph H
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- Look at the following groups of people (Questions 8-14) and the list of biometric systems (A-F) below.
- Match the groups of people to the biometric system associated with them in Reading Passage 3. Write the appropriate letters A-F in boxes 8-14 on your answer sheet.
- NB You may use any biometric system more than once.
8. sports students
9. Olympic athletes
10. airline passengers
11. welfare claimants
12. business employees
14. bank customers
List of Biometric Systems
A. fingerprint scanner
B. hand scanner
C. body odor
E. face scanner
F. typing pattern
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The Keyless Society Reading Answers
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