IELTS Writing Task 1 - Process Example Essay 1

In this post, we will look at a Writing Task 1 Academic process essay example from the IELTS writing task 1 Academic Test. Students often ask if the questions are repeated year after year and the answer is no, but the type of chart, graph or process can be.

There are so many questions written each year, you may find you practice answering various questions on different topics. It is best practice to learn how to answer each one of the various types of writing task 1 questions, from bar charts, line graphs, maps, process etc.

If you would like to learn how to structure a process essay please click the button below >

Take a look at the IELTS Writing Task 1 Academic essay example below >>

*This process question and answer were provided by a student. IELTS Achieve did not design this question*


The picture illustrates the different life stages of a salmon.

Overall, it can be observed that there are eight phases in the life cycle of a salmon, beginning with laying fertilized eggs by mature salmons in the river and ending with producing its own sets of fingerlings in the same river.

To begin with, mature salmons will produce fertilized eggs in the river and then the incubation period starts, which nurtures and helps the eggs to hatch. Next, the fertilized eggs will hatch into a freshwater hearing. These hearings will proceed to an estuary where they can mingle with other hearings.

In the subsequent stage, estuary hearings will then journey to a rearing area where they will join other hearings to develop into medium sized salmons. Afterwards, they will travel together towards the ocean to become fully grown salmons. Finally, the salmons will then proceed to the same river to produce fertilized eggs for the survival of its species.

Word count 159 / Band score 8


  • Task Achievement - The answer provides a paraphrased question, to begin with, followed by an overview that gives the reader key information.    
  • Coherence and Cohesion - The answer has been divided into clear logical paragraphs.      
  • Lexical Resource - There is evidence of paraphrasing, synonyms and some less common words. 
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy - The answer has no grammatical errors. The sentences are mainly made up of multiple clauses and have a variety of structures. 

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